Mosaic Blog

One Year Later, Young Egyptians Vow to Finish Their 'Incomplete' Revolution

The events of January 25, 2011 sparked a movement that changed the course of history in Egypt and the entire region. Exactly one year later, thousands of Egyptians who participated in the revolution that toppled President Hosni Mubarak filled Cairo's Tahrir Square. While some gathered in celebration, many others rallied in defiance of what they believe is an unfinished revolution. "I think anyone who intends to go and celebrate on January 25 needs to go and reconsider this choice because we still have a long way to go," recounts one protestor.


As revolutionaries reflect on the January 25 anniversary, for many, today is a grim reminder that despite the fall of Mubarak, not much has changed in Egypt. One journalist who has been covering events in Egypt all year described the revolution as "young and intoxicating…Mubarak was gone, and Egypt overflowed with hope and the invincibility of youth." But today, "one year later, the romanticism of the revolution has faded."


As bitter political division and a troubled economy still plague the country today, many wonder how long and what it will take for Egypt to bounce back. And, despite historic first round parliamentary elections, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) still remains largely in charge. 

According to al-Alam TV
, hundreds of thousands of protestors across the country today are demanding an end to military rule, the start of presidential elections, and the execution of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. They are also mourning the many Egyptians who have died since January 25, 2011.


Despite the unforeseen challenges since the fall of Mubarak, Egyptians are determined not to give up on the promise of the "Arab Spring." When the Guardian newspaper asked people on Twitter, "What does #Jan25 a year on mean to you?", many responses conveyed a sense of deep pride and hope for the future of Egypt. One person tweeted, "This year's #Jan25 is filled with hope of a better future 4 #Egypt even though it is still marred by a number uncertainties." Another wrote, " We breathe hope, we paid blood to get our freedom, my beloved Egypt is and will always be great.#JAN25"


A demonstrator carries an Egyptian flag near Tahrir square where demonstrators are gathering to mark the first anniversary of Egypt's uprising, January 25, 2012. Tens of thousands massed in Cairo's Tahrir Square and other Egyptian cities on Wednesday, a year after an uprising erupted that toppled Hosni Mubarak, spurred on revolts across the region and exposed rifts in the Arab world's most populous state. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih


Photo: A demonstrator carries an Egyptian flag near Tahrir Square where demonstrators are gathering to mark the first anniversary of Egypt's uprising, January 25, 2012.  REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih


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Tonight on Mosaic: Gaddafi disappearance fuels speculation about his wherabouts

Libya: Muammar Gaddafi's whereabouts remain unknown. Several reports indicate that Gaddafi left the city of Bani Walid and is headed to Libya's southern borders with Niger and Chad. However, the US State Department said there is no evidence that Gaddafi or his family have crossed the border into Niger. A State Department spokesperson said that the Niger authorities informed the US ambassador that those who crossed the border into Niger on Monday night were high-ranking officials of Gaddafi's regime. Many believe that the revolutionaries' delayed entry into Bani Walid and Sirte gave Gaddafi and his family more time to escape. 


Egypt: The fourth trial session of ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak and his top associates has resumed in Cairo. Eighty-three year old Mubarak appeared before the court with his two sons Alaa and Gamal, former Egyptian Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and a senior police officer, Ahmed Ramzi. They are being charged with ordering the killing of hundreds of protestors during the popular January 25 uprising. Hundreds of security vehicles, armored cars, ambulances, and fire trucks lined the streets surrounding the courthouse. 


Syria: Seven people were killed and several others injured in Syria in yet another military operation in Homs. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said soldiers and security forces used heavy machine guns near the Khaled ibn al-Walid Mosque. Meanwhile, Syria has requested to postpone the scheduled visit of Arab League Secretary-General Nabil al-Arabi on Thursday. The secretary-general intends to propose an Arab initiative to Syrian officials in order to end the crisis that has lasted six months.




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Tonight on Mosaic: Syria slams Washington's 'provocative' comments

Syria: The Syrian Foreign Ministry has condemned US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's comments stating President Bashar al-Assad lost his legitimacy after a group of pro-Assad loyalists attacked the American and French embassies in Damascus. The ministry stated that Clinton's remarks are provocative and constitute an interference in Syrian affairs. Damascus demanded that Washington and its envoys abide by the principle of non-intervention in internal affairs and refrain from any acts that might provoke the Syrian people.

Libya: After three months of costly military operations, several NATO member countries are seeking an exit to the crisis. Norway announced that it will recall its six F-16 fighter jets on August 1 and Italy said that it will withdraw its carrier Garibaldi. The UN special envoy to Libya called on Gaddafi’s regime and the Transitional Council to begin direct negotiations to settle the conflict. 

Egypt: Thousands of Egyptians staged a rally in Cairo's Tahrir Square despite a warning by military rulers. The anti-government activists called for a million-man march in Egyptian cities, including Alexandria and Suez. Protestors camped out in the square, demanding the immediate trial of Mubarak and the officers accused of killing protestors during the January 25 revolution. In a statement, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces stressed that it will not give up its role in running Egypt's affairs.


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Tonight on Mosaic: Egyptians renew commitment to put the 'revolution first'

Egypt: Thousands gathered in a Cairo's Tahrir Square today under the slogan "Revolution First," to remind people of the importance of the January 25 Revolution. Protestors demanded that figureheads of the former regime and anyone involved in cases of corruption and accused of killing protestors be put on trial. Security forces were absent from the square. The people's anger was fueled by recent verdicts exonerating six ministers charged with corruption and embezzling, and police officers charged with killing protestors.

American ambassador to Syria, Robert Ford, visited Hama today on what is being referred to as "no dialogue Friday." The US State Department confirmed that Ford's visit was in support of the Syrian people, while the Syrian Foreign Ministry condemned the ambassador's violation of diplomatic norms, seeing it as an attempt to incite more violence and protests.

Yemen: Thousands of citizens gathered in various Yemeni cities, including the capital Sanaa and Taiz, on what they have named the "Friday to reject mediation," referring to regional and international interference in their revolution. Yesterday, Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh made his first television appearance after surviving an assassination attempt early last month. Protestors are demanding the formation of a transitional council, the prosecution of Saleh and his family, and are rejecting foreign interference.


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Tonight on Mosaic: Syria's Hama vows to resist advancing army

Syria: In Hama, various international news agencies have reported that clashes are taking place between citizens and soldiers. The head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Rami Abdel Rahman, said over 100 families have fled Hama in fear of a military operation after the deaths of 23 people in the city yesterday. Last night, demonstrations took place in Idlib, Rif Dimashq's Harasta, Deir el-Zour in the Qadam, and the al-Qaboun neighborhoods of Damascus, in addition to some areas of Hama. In response to the opposition's account of the events in Hama, official sources say calm has been restored to the city.

Egypt: Protestors attacked the Suez Security Directorate after the Suez Criminal Court's decision to release seven officers charged with killing protestors in the January 25 revolution. Eyewitnesses said the protestors threw stones at the government building and armed forces intervened to restore order. The criminal court rejected the attorney general's appeal against releasing seven of the 14 officers being charged, and postponed their trials until September 14.

Libya: Revolutionaries have taken control of the town of al-Gawalish, located about 100 kilometers southwest of the Libyan capital Tripoli, after a six-hour long battle. After gaining control of Gawalish, the revolutionaries were able to advance northwest toward their destination, Tripoli. In northern Libya, the opposition fighters advanced west from Misurata toward Zliten, which is controlled by Muammar Gaddafi's forces.. In revolutionaries' capital Benghazi, a "Million Man March" was organized in support of regions described by the revolutionaries as "un-liberated." Meanwhile, thousands of Gaddafi supporters rallied in Tripoli several days ago.


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