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[Transcript]  Mosaic News - 09/06/11: World News From The Middle East [VIDEO]

Ban Ki-moon urges the world to unite and take action on Syria

BBC Arabic, UK
Presenter, Male #1
Syrian activists said that security forces killed two people today, as military vehicles continue to surround the city of Homs and patrol its streets. Meanwhile, the UN secretary-general has called on the international community to adopt a unified position toward the Syrian authority's practices.

Reporter, Male #2
In one of his strongest statements, the UN secretary-general has condemned the acts of violence in Syria and urged the international community to adopt a unified position.

Guest, Male #3 (Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General)
The international community does not seem to be able to take a unified course of action toward Syria due to certain countries' positions. In my special talks with the Syrian president and in my public statements, I have urged him to take immediate and decisive measures for reform before it's too late. Unfortunately, my words fell on deaf ears.

Reporter, Male #2
The UN said that more than 2,000 people have been killed since the beginning of the Syrian uprising last March. Since then, Syrians have been staging daily protests condemning the regime and demanding its downfall. Hama, Homs, Ruston, and others are witnessing daily protests, especially at night in order to elude the eyes and gunfire of the regime's security forces. According to the French press, activists from the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that Syrian security forces have opened fire at a protest in the town of Ruston near Homs, killing and injuring several residents. In another development, activists said that the bodies of five unidentified people, including a woman, have been discovered in the city of Homs. With little information and footage being released by the Syrian official press, activists are turning to social media websites to post video clips of protests demanding the departure of the regime. Meanwhile, the Syrian authorities have accused what they refer to as "armed terrorist groups" of committing acts of murder and terror, adding that they will continue to carry out their military operation aimed at eliminating them; a story that lacks credibility, as a new round of international sanctions were imposed on a number of Syrian officials.

Yemenis launch new wave of 'revolutionary escalations' to topple regime

Al Jazeera, Qatar
Presenter, Male #1
The organizing committee of the Yemeni revolution announced the beginning of a phase of escalations against the Yemeni regime, urging all Yemeni communities to participate in protests throughout the country. Demonstrators took to the streets today in the city of Taiz, demanding that President Ali Abdullah Saleh not return to Yemen. They also demanded that Saleh's son, the chief commander of the Republican Guards, be tried on charges of ordering his forces to shell Taiz.

Reporter, Male #2
In an attempt to break the political impasse in Yemen caused by President Ali Abdullah Saleh's absence, the opposition began mobilizing the masses for a new phase of escalations with more protests and demonstrations. The opposition says that the coming days will see a broad political movement to topple President Saleh's regime despite the full siege imposed on Sana'a. Yemeni cities have been witnessing anti- and pro-regime protests since this past Saturday. The opposition called for more demonstrations to pressure the ruling regime into relinquishing power. In turn, the Yemeni government deployed a large number of forces in the capital Sana'a. In addition, electricity has been cut off and most gas stations are shut down in order to paralyze the opposition's movement. The accelerating developments in Yemen are causing fear of a wide-scale military confrontation between the Republican Guards led by the son of Yemeni President Saleh, and the opposition's forces led by Major-General Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, who defected from the army and joined the revolutionaries. Eyewitnesses say the Republican Guards reinforced their presence in the capital and deployed tanks and missile launchers in the surrounding areas of the city. Forces loyal to Major-General Ahmar fortified the strongholds that are under control of the Change Square protestors. Armed civilians were also seen on both sides of Zubair Street, which divides the capital in two parts, each controlled by an opposing side of the conflict. Meanwhile in southern Yemen, military confrontations are ongoing between the government forces and militants believed to be affiliated with al-Qaeda. These militants have been launching sudden attacks on Yemeni army bases in the southern regions, taking advantage of the chaotic situation and security vacancy which has resulted from the conflict between the opposition and Ali Abdullah Saleh's regime.

US fuels Bahraini crackdown with supplies of poisonous tear gas

Al-Alam, Iran
Presenter, Female #1
A videotape obtained by al-Alam TV reveals that the poisonous tear-gas bombs used by Bahraini security institutions are imported from the United States. Meanwhile, the issue of detainees in increasingly poor health conditions, especially children, remains unsolved.

Reporter, Male #1
The Bahraini street will continue its peaceful popular movement as long as the ruling authority continues its policy of marginalization. Government forces are escalating their repressive operations against civilians, using all kinds of bombs against the peaceful demonstrators. In addition to the security operations on the ground, regime forces are on the move in the air. The scene is turning into a complicated military air operation, but against whom? In this context, the issue of detained doctors in Bahraini prisons remains unsolved. A hunger strike began in Bahrain in solidarity with the doctors who have been on a hunger strike for several days. Manama authorities accused the doctors of working against the regime and of threatening its security by helping wounded protestors. These doctors include Ghassam, Basim Taif, Nazir Diwani, Abdul Khaliq al-Aribi, Ali Azghar, and many others.

Guest, Male #2 (Jaafar al-Alawi, Bahraini Religious Scholar)
It has been indicated more than once that we are being killed, our youth are being killed, and our women are being killed by the most advanced US bullets, pistols, and tear-gas imported from France, Britain, and the US.

Reporter, Male #1
This announcement was greatly supported inside and outside Bahrain. A group of children joined the movement, followed by an increasing number of people of various ages. On the ground, a videotape revealed that the poisonous tear-gas bombs used by Bahraini security institutions are imported from the United States. The deadly gas contained in these bombs martyred a number of Bahrainis, most recently a young man named Ali Jawad who died after being wounded by a tear-gas bomb on Sitra Island on the first day of Eid ul-Fitr. Media sources reported that the chief of staff of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Persian Gulf will convene a meeting in the Emirati capital Abu Dhabi to discuss the new propositions regarding the strategic military plans for the Council's member countries in the upcoming phase in order to strengthen their defense capabilities in the face of any internal or external challenges. Political observers said that the meeting may suggest that the Saudi and Emirati occupation forces continue to mass in Bahrain in light of what they referred to as the threats to undermine Bahrain's stability and security.

Turkey cuts all military ties with Israel

IBA, Israel
We open with the further worsening relations between Israel and Turkey. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Erdogan said his country will suspend all of its trade and military ties with Israel. In a thinly veiled threat, Erdogan indicated that Turkish warships will be seen more often in the eastern Mediterranean. Tension between Ankara and Jerusalem reached new heights today following the announcement by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Erdogan that he is suspending all military ties with Israel, including those in the field of military trade and that further sanctions are in the pipeline. Erdogan is adamant that Israel must officially apologize for the killing of Turkish citizens on the Gaza-bound flotilla last May and pay compensation to the families. He also said that the naval blockade of Gaza be lifted.

Heavy fighting continues in Sudan border areas

Dubai TV, UAE
Presenter, Female #1
The fighting between Sudan's government forces and the Sudan's People's Liberation Movement, SPLM, has entered its fifth consecutive day along the joint border between the two sides. The military operations launched by Khartoum's government against the armed groups allied with the south continue in most areas of Blue Nile state, except in the capital city of Damazin. In Damazin, life is more or less returning to normal, although the city is almost empty of its original residents. Dubai TV correspondent Sami al-Shinawi reports from Damazin.

Reporter, Male #1
It is from this gate that a war entered and the rule of constitution exited. Blue Nile State became a war zone, according to Khartoum's announcement. This situation led to the reality of a city that has become nearly empty of its original residents. Its new residents, wearing their military uniforms, believe the locals will return even though convoys of refugees continue to flee the city after the four days of fighting that has killed over 20 people. However, the new government still continues its military operations.

Guest, Male #2 (Yehya Mohamed Khair, Military Commander of Nil al-Azraq State)
We are carrying out internal security operations, using the least amount of force possible in spite of the losses inflicted on the citizens. We are using as little force possible inside the city of Damazin, but during the operations we use the appropriate amount of force. Each action has a reaction.

Reporter, Male #1
Amid the ensuing debate about the course of actions needed to contain the raging crisis in Blue Nile state, top commanders of the Sudan's People's Liberation Army have surrendered and described their deposed leader Malik Agar's declaration of war in the state as "political suicide."

Guest, Male #3 (Hussein Obeidi, Member of the People's Army)
We have not taken part in any of the military operations that were carried out in Blue Nile state. We didn't even fire one round. It's not in our interest to wage war in Blue Nile state. We reject the action that was taken by our brother, General Malik Agar. Agar knew exactly who would and who wouldn't support him in this war.

Reporter, Male #1
The option of war taken by Khartoum's government, which comes amid the peak of its economic crisis, will further complicate its political roadmap, especially with the drums of war beating in South Kordofan, Darfur, and Blue Nile state. Despite the fragile ceasefire being observed in the city of Damazine, residents are reluctant to return in fear that another surprise war may erupt. Sami al-Shinawi, Dubai TV, al-Damzine, Blue Nile state, South Sudan.

Presenter, Female #1
Meanwhile, famine has struck six out of eight regions in southern Somalia, where 750,000 people are facing death due to hunger, as confirmed by the UN. In addition, the UN said that half of those who die on a daily basis are children, as the rate of malnutrition stands at 58 percent. The UN fears that famine may spread to the remaining regions of southern Somalia by the end of this year. UN teams in Somalia said they are not able to deliver food aid to nearly one million people due to challenges posed by the al-Qaeda-affiliated Shabab Movement.

Strikes over detentions cause shutdown of Kashmir

Press TV, Iran
Indian-administered Kashmir has witnessed closures. Pro-independent lea leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani called for the strike over the continued detention of a number of leaders and young protestors. Life in Indian-controlled Kashmir came to a standstill on Tuesday, following a two-day strike called by top pro-independence leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani to press for the release of political detainees and the prisoners charged with pelting stones at government forces and participating in the anti-government protest rallies. Last month, the chief minister of the state, Omar Abdullah had offered amnesty to 1,200 youths who were arrested last year for participating in anti-India demonstrations saying that there was a chance for them to lead a peaceful life.

Libyan convoy in Niger raises speculation about Gaddafi's whereabouts

Press TV, Iran
Libyan revolutionaries are positive they can enter the town of Bani Walid without violence after negotiations with tribal elders there. They have been surrounding the town and expect to move in within a few hours. Bani Walid is one of four towns still controlled by Gaddafi's supporters. The others are Jufra, Sabha, and Sirte. Meanwhile an armed convoy of vehicles from Libya has crossed the border into Niger. It arrived in the town of Agadez on late on Monday and is now heading for the Niger capital Niamey. The city is close to the border with Burkina Faso, where ousted ruler Muammar Gaddafi has been offered asylum. Niger's foreign minister has rejected reports that Gaddafi is in the convoy. An official from Libya's interim government said that the convoy is carrying gold and cash.

How will Libya affect Yemen?

ANB, UK
Presenter, Male #1
"Sajalat" tonight sheds light on Yemen after the recent events in Libya. It is possible for other countries to be influenced by Libya. We discuss the issue with Mr. Abdullah Salam al-Hakimi, a Yemeni opposition politician. Welcome, Mr. Abdullah. Arab and international media have been discussing the impact of the events in Libya on several countries, especially Yemen and naturally Syria. In your opinion, is there a circumstantial link between Yemen and what happened in Libya?

Guest, Male #2 (Abdullah Salam al-Hakimi, Yemeni opposition politician)
There is no doubt it had a major impact. I believe it was reflected in the concerns expressed by Ali Abdullah Saleh. It was said that what happened in Libya and the downfall of the Libyan authorities prompted the recruitment of thousands of new soldiers for President Ali Abdullah Saleh's loyalist forces to show that they will not relinquish power. They want to show that they will either triumph or die.

Presenter, Male #1
You were told that President Ali Abdullah Saleh was negatively affected, how so, since he is outside Yemen and is being taken care of by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia? He is not facing any personal threats and there is no international pressure on his regime. It is not similar or even close to the level experienced in Libya. There is no international intervention in Yemen.

Guest, Male #2
Well, Saleh was affected or bothered by the fact that the events in Libya will undoubtedly form a motivating force that will break the political impasse in the Yemeni revolution. It seems to me that he wanted to show that he is willing to risk, or even gamble, remaining in power or administering the affairs of the country.

Presenter, Male #1
I also want to ask you about these details that Arab viewers and observers may have missed due to the recent heavy coverage of the events in Libya. Since the assassination attempt of President Abdullah Saleh, there has been a lot of talk that the president won't return, or may return, or is threatening to return. All of it was part of the internal Yemeni political controversy. Before we talk about the internal Yemeni issue, are there any alternatives proposed in the region, such as by the Gulf countries and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia? And what about the US, which is closely following the Yemeni issue? Is it proposing an alternative solution to solve the current crisis?

Guest, Male #2
In fact, it is extremely unfortunate that foreign positions in general still view what is happening in Yemen as a political crisis between the regime and opposition forces. In my opinion, what reinforces this view is that the opposition, which is represented by the Joint Meeting Parties, unfortunately committed a major mistake when it began negotiations with the incumbent authority while the revolution was ongoing. The opposition signed interim agreements with the authorities, which made the world view the events in Yemen as a mere political crisis between the opposition and the regime; a crisis that can be solved.

Presenter, Male #1
And there are negotiations in Yemen.

Guest, Male #2
Secret negotiations continue. Statements made by the US, Vice President Abed Rabbo Mansour, Abdul Aziz, and Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr. Abu Bakr al-Qirbi confirm that the negotiations are ongoing. Even the meeting at the UN Security Council issued a statement demanding dialogue between the two sides, or all Yemeni sides. It stipulated that there is a modified version of the Gulf initiative and that the Yemeni opposition accepted that version. The proceedings took place at the UN Security Council, which indicates that negotiations are ongoing. This is what led the world to have a different view of Yemen's revolution compared to those of Tunisia and Egypt.


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