Pascale Joassart-Marcelli

Pascale Joassart-Marcelli is a professor of geography at San Diego State University.

Teamster Rally - Long Beach
Article
City Rising

The Future: How Do We Formalize Informality?

The informal economy is widespread, diverse, and deeply tied to the formal economy. It is also full of paradoxes and contradictions, which make it difficult to find simple solutions.
Indian workers sew in clothing factory in Dharavi slum
Article
City Rising

Neoliberalism, Globalization, and the Magnification of the Informal Economy

Not only did neoliberalism redefine the role of the state, it also intensified the speed and depth of globalization, which radically transformed the economy.
Theodore Roosevelt (foreground) stands on stage before an audience with Booker T. Washington (right) sitting behind him. | Still from "City Rising: The Informal Economy"
Article
City Rising

From Slavery to Social Contract: An Economy Designed to Leave Out Many Workers

Capitalism is perceived to be a result of policy, social norms, and race and gender discrimination that have ensured a large pool of workers willing to work for low wages.
Manuel Hernandez is a streeet vendor selling snacks on a bike-operated vehicle on the streets of Fresno. | Neil Chowdhury
Article
City Rising

The New Normal: Freelancing, Hustling and Informal Labor

Today, as the middle class continues to disappear, a growing number of people make a living through alternative forms of work: freelancing, hustling on the side, and permanently temping.
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