What in the World: Israel

East Timor

For over 24 years, East Timor (now known as Timor Leste) endured a crushing occupation inflicted on them by neighboring Indonesia on the pretext of the fight against communism. The war was brought to a controversial conclusion in 1999. However, trauma from that period lives on as evidenced by the testimonies of Nelson Belo, Gregorio Saldanha and Pascal Oliveira, survivors of the infamous 1991 Santa Cruz Massacre. This film recalls the trauma of Timor Leste on the 10th anniversary of its independence.

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Algeria & Western Sahara

An estimated 165,000 Sahrawis live in refugee camps — El Aaiun, Awserd, Smara, and Dakhla — in the desolate Sahara desert in southwest Algeria. According to UNICEF about 80 percent of them are women and children. The refugees remain "the longest warehoused refugee groups in the world stuck in a remote part of the Sahara where temperatures can reach up to 50 degrees Celsius." The camps are often referred to as “The Devil’s Garden.”

Cameroon

This episode of "What In the World" investigates the modern phenomenon of soccer slavery in which many young footballers trafficked out of Africa have been left to fend for themselves on the streets of European cities.

Mexico

Due to its geographical location, Juarez is a major staging point in the trafficking of drugs to the US. It is also one of the world's most violent cities as drug cartels fight their turf wars there, murdering both gang members and innocent civilians with equal barbarity.

Greenland

Important coastal regions of the ice sheets on Greenland and West Antarctica, and the glaciers of the Antarctica Peninsula, are thinning and contributing to sea level rise. Also shrinking is the regional culture for the 56,000 people who live there.

 

 

Afghanistan - Malalai Joya

"You can cut the flower, but you cannot stop the coming of spring." This episode of "What in the World" features Afghan women's rights activist, Malalai Joya.

Elected in 2003, Joya was expelled from Parliament in 2007 for refusing to retract a speech. She fights for the rights of the people, particularly disadvantaged women.